Renowned as one of the great adventurers and scientists of his day, Powell became the second director of the U.S. Geological Survey. The place selected by Colonel Johnston for the winter-quarters of the army was on the bank of Black’s Fork, about two miles above Fort Bridger, on a spot sheltered by high bluffs which rise abruptly from the bottom at a distance of five or six hundred yards from the channel of the stream. In view of these facts, Mr. Buchanan determined to supersede Brigham Young in the office of Governor, and to send to Utah a strong military force to sustain the new appointee in the exercise of his authority. When the first reports of Kane's contacts with General Johnston were discouraging, the apprehension was reinforced. The Indian tribes along the way are numerous and formidable, the road passing through country occupied by Pawnees, Cheyennes, Sioux, Arapahoes, Crows, Snakes, and Utahs. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Defense efforts terminated some of the Mormon outpost settlements in present-day California, Nevada, Wyoming, and Idaho, interrupted and weakened the missionary effort in Europe, curtailed immigration, and dissipated much of the enthusiasm and discipline generated by the Reformation of 1856. As for the LDS community in Utah, the exertions and expenditures strained both capital and morale. This is part two of a three-part series. Hole in the Rock crevasse looking down at Lake Powell.. On January 26, 1880, after six months of blasting and chiseling, an expedition of 250 Mormon Pioneers with their wagons and livestock descended through a rocky crevice known as the Hole in the Rock to the Colorado River below (now Lake Powell). In these rites, which are symbolical of the mystery of procreation, both sexes participate, clad in loose flowing robes of white linen, with cleansed bodies and anointed hair. A new species of tent, which had just been introduced, was served out for its winter dwellings. It was thought advisable to send a supply for eighteen months, so that the trains exceeded in magnitude those which would accompany an army of twenty thousand in ordinary operations on the European continent, where dépôts could be established along the line of march. Gunnison, having caught the exploration bug during his previous expeditions in Florida and Michigan, was thrilled to … This is part one of a three-part series. First person account by Captain Gove (based primarily on letters to his wife), of the combat between the US army and Mormon settlers, during what is known as the Utah Expedition or Utah War of 1857, triggered by the decision of President James Buchanan to come down hard on Utah Territory and ‘the Mormon problem’. Attached to this, the canvas sloped to the ground, forming a tent in the shape of a regular cone. The business of these deities in the Celestial Kingdom is the propagation of souls to people bodies begotten on earth, and the sexual relation is made to permeate every portion of the creed as thoroughly as it pervaded the religions of ancient Egypt and India. It could be seen as persecution … In some of its arrangements it seemed to have proceeded on the presumption that there would be an armed collision, while in others the probability of such an event was entirely disregarded. View on timesmachine. Hundreds attempted to return to the States on foot, some of whom died on the way, — and nine-tenths of them would have perished, had they encountered the storms of the preceding winter among the mountains. The Utah Expedition (Part II) Its causes and consequences. They crossed the Green River Mountains, breaking the crust of the snow and leading their animals, being reduced at the time to tallow and roots for their own sustenance. Also, Hayden"s thorough study of neighboring Colorado south of King's Fortieth-Parallel Surveys had some relevance to Utah as a result of contributions to current knowledge of the state's eastern boundary. During the previous February, the United States District Court had been broken up in Salt Lake City. Every additional hardship was cheerfully endured. But that’s exactly what the folks on a sheep-counting expedition (truly) in a remote area of southern Utah did over the weekend.As reported by local NBC affiliate KSL TV, a helicopter crew from the Utah … His paramount idea was to gag the North and induce her to forget that she had been robbed of her birthright, by forcing on the attention of the country other questions of absorbing interest. The only apparent reasons for this military operation are those described in the letters of federal officials W.F.M. Military preparations were made with the greatest bustle; and the Nauvoo Legion—under which name, transplanted from Illinois, the militia were organized—was drilled daily in the streets of the city. The Utah expedition, 1857-1858 a documentary account of the United States military movement under Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston, and the resistance … The Utah Expedition: Message From The President Of The Unite The propagation of the religion of which Joseph Smith was the prophet has just begun to attract the notice its extraordinary success deserves. Utah and the Mormons: 29 periodical and serial titles and 196 book and pamphlet titles relating to Utah and the Mormons; reel 1 - 53 Published: (1830) ; Utah and the Mormons: speech of Hon. (From Incidents of the Utah Expedition of 1859 to 1860, under Genl. Camp Floyd and the nearby civilian town of Fairfield represented the first sizable non-Mormon resident population in Utah. Brigham Young no longer seems to the American public a religious mountebank, only one grade removed from the man Orr, who claimed to be the veritable Angel Gabriel, and was killed in a popular commotion which he had himself excited in Dutch Guiana. During the spring of 1857, the preparations for the expedition were hurried forward, and in June the whole force was collected at Fort Leavenworth. The office of Governor of the Territory was offered by the President to various persons, and finally accepted, July 11th, by Alfred Cumming, a brother of the Cumming of Georgia who fought multitudinous duels with McDuffie of South Carolina, all of which both parties survived. The trees were fortunately too green to burn, and the fire swept through acres, doing no more damage than to consume the dry leaves and char the bark. ENVÍO GRATIS en 1 día desde 19€. Walker, Ronald W. Review of Camp Floyd and the Mormons: The Utah War, by Donald R. Moorman and Gene A. A Constitution had been framed by a Convention assembled without the sanction of an enabling act, and was intrusted to George A. Smith and John Taylor, two of the Twelve Apostles of the Church, for presentation to Congress. That night more than five hundred animals perished from hunger and cold, and the next morning the camp was encircled by their carcasses, coated with a film of ice. The term of service for which the men enlisted was nine months. Profoundly impressed by the devotion of the people to their leaders, he started on his return, accompanied by Mr. Bernhisel, the Mormon delegate to Congress. Their only exploit was the capture of a Mormon major and his adjutant, on whose person were found orders issued by D. H. Wells, the Commanding General of the Nauvoo Legion, to the various detachments of marauders, directing them to burn the whole country before the army and on its flanks, to keep it from sleep by night surprises, to stampede its animals and set fire to its trains, to blockade the road by felling trees and destroying river-fords, but to take no life. An attack by the Mormons was expected every day, but none was made; and on the 3d of November, the whole army, with its munitions, supplies, and commander, was concentrated on Black’s Fork. Along the Platte there is no fuel. Unsympathetic, if not hostile, troops and camp followers influenced economics, politics, and lifestyles. The civil officers of the Territory fixed their quarters in a little nook in the wood above the military camp. In the narrowest of these gorges, Echo Cañon, twenty-five miles in length, whose walls of rock often approach within a stone’s throw of each other, it became known that the Mormons were erecting breastworks and digging ditches, by means of which they expected to be able to submerge the road to the depth of several feet, for miles. April 20, 2016. By the time Young led his senior aides on an expedition there in April 1857, almost every federal official had left Utah. It was there that Colonel Alexander was ordered, about this time, by Brigham Young, to surrender his arms to the Mormon Quartermaster-General, on which condition and an agreement to depart eastward early the following spring, he and his troops should be fed during the winter; otherwise, Young added, they would perish from hunger and cold, and rot among the mountains. It had either been burned by the Mormons or consumed by their cavalry. The Utah Expedition 1857-1858 - Letters of Capt. THE UTAH EXPEDITION de UNITED STATES. Since my letter of Dec. 1, nothing of particular interest has occurred in camp. Westport, Conn., 1977. But a juster appreciation of the constitution of the Mormon community begins to prevail, and with it comes a conviction that questions are involved in its relations to the parent government which are not exceeded in importance by any that have ever been agitated at Washington. 2008); capital, Salt Lake City; statehood, Jan. 4, 1896 (45). For nearly three years the country had been convulsed by an agitation of the Slavery question, originating with Senator Douglas, which culminated in the Presidential election of 1856. Genre/Form: History: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gove, Jesse A. Rights Johnston's army marched through a largely deserted Salt Lake City on June 26, 1858, and went on to build Camp Floyd forty miles to the southwest. It is also significant for making available once again an impressive collection of key documents. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. Walker, Ronald W. Review of Camp Floyd and the Mormons: The Utah War, by Donald R. Moorman and Gene A. Ten years passed, and the change was extraordinary. The Utah Expedition (Part II) Its causes and consequences. It had resounding effects throughout American science and history, and disrupted the lives of countless Native Americans throughout North America. Throughout this vast line of road, the only white inhabitants are the garrisons of the military posts, the keepers of mail-stations, and voyageurs and mountaineers, whose cabins may be found in every locality favorable to Indian trade. Most of the civil officers, however, dug square holes in the ground, over which they built log huts, plastering the cracks with mud. The opening at the top caused a draught, by means of which a fire could be kept up beneath the tripod without choking the inmates with smoke. BYU Studies 33:1 (1993):201-202. Author:: Gove, Jesse Augustus, 1824-1862: Author:: Hammond, Otis Grant, 1869-1944: Author:: New York herald He decided to send them all to Henry’s Fork, thirty-five miles south of Fort Bridger, where he had at one time designed to encamp with the whole army. It is established beyond question, that the initiated, clad in the preposterous costume before described, take an oath, in the presence of their Spiritual Head, to cherish eternal enmity towards the government of the United States until it shall have avenged the death of their prophet, Joseph Smith. No official was ever more obnoxious to the Church than he; for by his authority over the tribes he had been able to counteract in great measure the influences by which Young had endeavored to alienate both Snakes and Utahs from the control of the United States. The Utah Expedition 1857-1858: A Documentary Account of the United States Military Movement under Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston, and The Resistance by Brigham Young and the Mormon Nauvoo Legion. When the Territory was organized in 1850, the government at Washington, acting on an imperfect knowledge of the nature of Mormonism, conferred the office of Governor upon Brigham Young. But, unwilling to take the trouble to assign to each train a proportionate quantity of all the articles to be transported, he had packed one after another with just such things as lay most conveniently at hand. Message to the House of Representatives on the Utah Expedition. When the U.S. Army “Invaded” Utah. It is, perhaps, the most remarkable natural road in the world. Have learned a lesson from the rear of the expedition at Thomaston, he found Church leaders willing to Cumming... A gentleman of education, ambition, and thus ended the famous Utah expedition experience is 3 separate weeks no. 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